On Wednesday, the European Union’s executives decided to clean up as part of their goal of achieving climate neutrality by 2050 in criticisms from environmental activists and Green lawmakers calling for the complete elimination of hydrogen produced from fossil fuels. Announced a plan to increase the production of hydrogen.
The Commission expects the project to help the EU economy recover from a coronavirus pandemic, and investment in renewable hydrogen will reach € 180-470 billion ($230-530 billion) by the middle of the century Said to be done.
Today, hydrogen is produced almost exclusively from fossil fuels, including natural gas and coal. It makes up less than 2% of the European energy mix. The EU wants to increase carbon production to 14% by 2050 while using renewable energy sources such as wind and solar to decarbonize production.
“We need a complete overhaul of our current energy system, which is quickly becoming a relic of the past,” said Franz Timmermans, Vice-Chair of the European Commission on environmental issues.
The Commission says that so-called “green hydrogen”, which emits no carbon dioxide and can be used in industries such as iron and chemical manufacturing, which currently rely on fossil fuels, is about four minutes of global energy demand by 2050. You can meet one of.
According to the European Commission, the development of clean hydrogen could reduce carbon emissions in European industries by 90 million tonnes per year by 2030.
In the short term, other types of low-carbon hydrogen produced through emissions-related processes will be needed at the transition stage, the commission said.
“During the transition, we will also need decarbonized natural gas and nuclear power to make sure we reach the amount of hydrogen needed to lower prices,” said Timmermans.
Environmental Group Friends of the Earth European Parliament and Green Parliamentarians opposed the use of low-carbon hydrogen and called on the Commission to focus on hydrogen produced entirely from renewable energy.
The European Commission’s hydrogen strategy “cannot be an environmentally-friendly effort used to provide subsidies for outdated gas pipelines,” said Parliament’s Parliamentarian Ville Niniist.
The Commission has set a goal of installing a renewable hydrogen production facility with a capacity of at least 6 GW by 2024. During 2025-2030, it envisages the installation of at least 40 GW of renewable hydrogen electrolyzer and the production of renewable hydrogen up to 10 million tons. By comparison, about 1 GW of electrolyzer is currently installed in the EU.
He also expressed concern about the composition of the European Clean Hydrogen Alliance, which will be responsible for developing investments in hydrogen projects under the Commission’s plans. Greens said he was particularly concerned about the prominent role given to “strong representatives of gas and heavy industry companies” within the alliance.
“We need both an industry and an NGO to help us create the green deal,” Timmermans said.
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